System of systems
“System of Systems(SoS) is an assemblage of components which individually may be regarded as systems and which possesses two additional properties, operational and managerial independence of the components.”
While the individual systems constituting a system of systems can be very different and operate independently, their interactions typically expose and deliver important emergent properties. These emergent patterns have an evolving nature that stakeholders for these problems must recognize, analyze, and understand. The system of systems approach does not advocate particular tools, methods, or practices; instead, it promotes a new way of thinking for solving grand challenges where the interactions of technology, policy, and economics are the primary drivers. System of systems study is related to the general study of designing, complexity and systems engineering, but also brings to the forefront the additional challenge of design.. [wikipedia: system of systems]
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